November'95 workshop


Workshop discussions and conclusions


Action-Plan (1996) for Kolanet Partners



Creating the Communications Infrastructure for Kolanet.

It was agreed by all those at the workshop that the primary issue was to establish a suitable communications network to support both the regional Internet, as well as the special telephone circuits for the management of alarms and emergency environmental situations.

An interactive discussion (moderated by Anna-Lena Martensson) was organized which resulted in the production of an outline map of the current status of communications links within the Kola Region. In many cases the necessary network links to establish the KOLAnet already exist, but the monthly rental costs are relatively high (compared with Western Europe or USA). Mobile telephone networks, radio links and VSAT satellite connections may also be necessary to support remote environmental monitoring sites.

Kolatelecom presented their proposals for the creation of a dedicated high-speed (64kbit/sec) network to support the regional computer network and distributed environmental databases. The total cost of this proposed infrastructure is around $400K.

SUMMARY : The technology and telecommunications links to support Kolanet could be established if the necessary budget was available to establish and manage the network. top


Local Area Networks and Regional Computing Infrastructure

In addition to the intercity communications links, it will be necessary to either establish or upgrade local area computer networks within each of the Kolanet sites of the Barents Region. Significant progress has already been made in the Kolanet sites of Apatity (INEP, Kola Science Centre), as well as the impressive infrastructure of Petrozavodsk University.

The main requirements will be the connections to the regional Internet, and the creation of networked environmental databases spanning all relevant fields of interest. The speakers from NetSL (Murmansk) presented concrete proposals for the creation of local area "campus" networks using the Kola Science Centre as the real world case study.

The creation of the local area networks and Internet connections will require the training of specialist network and system managers for each Kolanet Site. This programme has already started (under sponsorship from DIGITAL), and will need to be continued during 1996/97.

Well configured sites already exist within other institutions of the Barents Region such as Svanhovd Centre (Svanvik, Norway), the Lapland Environmental Centre (Rovaniemi, Finland) and the Swedish Defense Research Establishment (Umea, Sweden).

SUMMARY : Kolanet requires the establishment and upgrade of local area networks within each participating institution of the Kolanet team. Training courses have already been organized to provide the specialist Internet and computing skills to facilitate this programme.



Integrating Kolanet Applications and Databases

At present there are several independent "networks" of radiation and environmental monitoring stations within the Barents Region. Presentations were made by the senior directors from Murmansk Ecological Committee, Murmansk Hydromet, and the Karelian Environmental Ministry regarding the scope of both historical and "real-time" radiation and environmental information that is available for their respective monitoring stations.

The importance of the Kolanet project will be to make the environmental data more widely available between the member countries and institutions that are members of the Kolanet team. It was agreed that although the initial project focus will be upon radiation networks, that this should be extended during the medium term (next 2 to 3 years) to include all other key environmental parameters of regional and international interest and concern.

SUMMARY : Many of the members of the Kolanet team already have radiation and environmental databases that would be of interest to other team members across the Barents Region. The adoption of the Internet network & associated multi-media database tools will make it relatively straightforward to establish a distributed network of environmental databases during the coming 2 years across the institutions of the Barents Region.



National "TYPHOON" Radiation Monitoring Network

Dr Shershakov presented the important national Russian Federation programmes managed by the TYPHOON Centre based at Obninsk City, near Moscow. The Typhoon Centre works under funding from the Russian Ministry for Hydrometeorology to monitor levels of radiation at test stations across the Russian Federation.

Typhoon is already working closely with the authorities of each of the nuclear power stations, and wishes to extend the network to include regional radiation monitoring networks such as that already established recently within the Chelyabinsk Region.

Within ANNEX I we present the written contribution from Dr Vjacheslav Shershakov regarding the role and responsibilities of the TYPHOON Centre of the Russia Federation.

SUMMARY : The TYPHOON Programmes were of high interest to all members of the Kolanet Team, and it agreed that we should work closely with Dr Shershakov to ensure that the Kolanet Programme was fully synchronized with the national MinHydromet Programme.



Integration with Programmes of Russian Federation

The members of the Kolanet team are drawn from a number of different ministries including MinPriroda, MinHydromet, MinAtom, Russian Ministry of Science & Technology, and Russian Ministry of Higher Education. It was agreed that is was essential for the Kolanet programme team to work in close synchronization with the relevant regional and national authorities. This would include the regional government authorities of Murmansk, Arkhangel and Karelia Regions, as well as the Ministries in Moscow such as MinPriroda, MinHydromet and MinAtom.

This was important since the national Russian EGASKRO Radiation Monitoring Programme spanned several government ministries, and required the integration of all the regional networks for radiation monitoring, control and management.

Within ANNEX II we present the written contribution from Mr Ulianov - Deputy Director of the Murmansk Ecological Committee regarding their proposed role and responsibilities within the Kolanet Programme.

Within ANNEX III we present the written contribution from Mr Semenov - Director of the Murmansk Hydromet Service regarding their relationship with the Kolanet Programme.

SUMMARY : Contacts have already been made with the relevant Russian ministries as well as the regional authorities. During the coming year (1996), it will be important to ensure that all aspects of the Kolanet plans are discussed and agreed with these authorities.



Integration with International Networking Programmes

Each of the nordic countries of Norway, Sweden and Finland also have their own separate national radiation and environmental monitoring & control networks. In addition, the German Government is also working closely with MinPriroda to establish networked radiation monitoring stations close to each of the major nuclear stations in North & Western Russia.

The Kolateam members agreed that it was important to negotiate the exchange and transfer of relevant radiation and general environmental information between member institutions and countries. In the case of emergency alarms, special procedures and policies have to be followed which would be outside the immediate scope of the Kolanet Programme.

SUMMARY : The Kolanet Programme Team already have good relationships with institutions across the countries of the Barents Region, as well as with UK and Germany. During the next phases of Kolanet implementation, sponsorship & funding, it will be necessary to closely co-ordinate the linking of the environmental databases across the Barents Region.



Outline KOLAnet Budget

Kola Science Centre - INEPnet Campus Network & Internet Link-Up

Budget Item - Linking all INEP users to the Internet :

  • Stage I - $28,000
  • Stage II- $ 7,000
  • Stage III - $40,000

Kolanet Steering Team, Administration and Quarterly Workshops

Budget Item - Administrative, Engineering and Scientific Management , and the Kolanet Steering Team Workshops that will be scheduled at quarterly intervals : $140,000

Installation of Equipment for the Kola Regional Network

Budget Item - Wide-Area Network of Dedicated 64kbit Data Circuits and special gateways and digital multiplexors for Internet Traffic : $307,275

Installation of Equipment for Monitoring Sites

Budget Item - New Monitoring Sites for Radiation and Environmental Parameters including chemicals, toxic gases, & metals in rivers, lakes and forest : $350,000

Installation of Computing Servers & Workstations

Budget Item - Kolanet Environmental Database Workstations, Servers, Connections to Local Area Networks & Internet, and GIS Mapping Software Licences : $106,000

Connection of Information Sources & Databases

Budget Item - Connection of Existing and proposed databases to the Kolanet including the Kola Atomic Power Station, Murmansk Hydromet, Murmansk Priroda, Karelian Environmental Ministry, Arkhangelsk Priroda and Marine Biological Institute : $450,000 (includes the development of software interfaces between Kolanet & special data structures)

Networking Applications & Software (Monitoring & Alarms Management)

Budget Item - Special software and GIS System for the structuring of information from the various environmental and radiation monitoring sites : $80,000K

3D Scientific Modeling and Accident Scenario Analysis

Budget Item - Creating the models for the development of scenarios of possible environmental and high radiation accidents, and the forecasting of the implications : $60,000

Connection of Kolanet to National & International Networks

Budget Item - Connection of the Kolanet to the various environmental information systems of the Barents Region including tha national & regional networks and environmental databases of the countries of Norway, Finland, and Sweden : $300,000.

Kolanet Applications & Technology Training Courses

Budget Item - Specialist Kolanet Training Courses spanning the skills necessary for the construction and management of environmental databases, world-wide-web Sites (www), digital mapping systems (GIS), and the management and operation of remote sensors and monitoring stations : $200,000
*** Further budget details will be found in ANNEX IV to this summary protocol ***



Action-Plan (1996) for Kolanet Partners

Business and Budget Plan - 1996/1997

During the months of December 1995, and January/February 1996 the Kolanet Team Members will prepare detailed business and budget plans as the basis for the implemementaion of the next phases of the Kolanet Programme.

These plans will be used as the basis for the presentation of the Kolanet programme to potential project sponsors including the Barents Regional Council, European Union and national & regional Government Agencies and International Funding Organisations (such as the SOROS Foundation and the EURASIA Foundation)



Assignment of Kolanet Programme Tasks

The final plans for the Kolanet Programme will have several specific project modules which are referenced with the section [C] - Budget Plans. These modules include the :

  • Creation of the Local Area Networks and Gateways to the regional Internet
  • Building the Wide Area regional networks and international gateways
  • Planning and Delivery of the Kolanet Training Courses on a range of specialist topics
  • Planning & Management of logistics for the Quarterly Kolanet Workshops
  • Establishment of environmental monitoring stations and analysis of real-time data
  • 3D Scientific Modelling and Forecasting of Environmental Events & Possible Accidents
  • Preparation & implementation of emergency alarm network and crisis management centre.



Project Management and Implementation

The members of the Kolanet Team agreed that a special dedicated team should be funded and established to manage and co-ordinate the planning and implementation of the various tasks and activities within this multi-regional, and multi-country programme. This project team should be recruited from amongst the various Kolanet team members and established during Spring 1996, so that its activities become effective for the remainder of 1996/1997.




Professor Gennadiy Kalabin

Director, Institute of Industrial Ecological Problems of the North
Kola Science Centre, Apatity, Russia


Dr David Probert
Director, European Internet Business Group
DIGITAL Equipment Corporation

* Friday 1st December 1995 - Kola Science Centre, Apatity, Russia *


Written Contribution from TYPHOON - Dr Vjacheslav Shershakov

  1. It is necessary to take part in the creation of the strategy and technical requirements for regional system for radiation control and management within the framework of EGASKRO.
  2. To define the requirements for the Kolanet as the system providing information interaction of departmental systems for radioactive controls within the region and to assist in decision making for the administrative bodies and authorities. Besides, one should define the procedures and policies in the event of emergency alarm situations.
  3. To prepare a proposal regarding the participation of the Kola Science Centre in the realization of the Kolanet project, and the creation & introduction of the European Union system (RODOS) for support in making decisions in case of nuclear accident emergencies.
  4. The preparation of proposals for the arrangement of interaction with the crisis management centre - Roshydromet (NPO - TYPHOON) on the provision of the quick response in case of nuclear emergency within the international co-operation.
  5. (Barents Region and Baltic Agreements).



Murmansk Hydromet Service - Mr Semenov

  1. We consider it reasonable to consider MHS (Murmansk Hydromet Service) as one of the participants within the KOLAnet Programme for the management of the operational systems for radiation control and quick response.
  2. MHS considers that additional sensors for environment monitoring & management should be included within the monitoring system of the Russian Federation. which is managed within Murmansk Region by MHS.
  3. It is reasonable to install a set of sensors conforming to the IRIS system within the MHS Network. As the first stage the project should test out these new sensors under full operational working conditions.
  4. For the exchange and transfer of data within the Kolanet from the local MHS network, one should develop the necessary software within the context of the main MHS database. (This database uses a special "closed format"). MHS is ready to develop the necessary software for the exchange of data if these costs are included within the total budget of the Kolanet Programme.



Murmansk Ecological Committee - Mr Vladimir Petrovich Ulianov

  1. Murmansk Ecological Committee (MEC) carries out the work for the creation of central data for all environmental protecion institutions within Murmansk Region. At present they are working out in detail the relationships between the ecological committee and hydromet.
  2. At the next stage, the MEC (being the major regional environmental authority) will create relationships with other environmental protection institutions within the Kola Region.
  3. The architecture and concept of the Kolanet Programme must be linked to other state programmes. For example, the interaction & relationship between IRIS and Kolanet must be agreed at the highest levels of the ministry of environment problems& natural resources.
  4. In the architecture of the Kolanet, the MEC and MHS must be provided with relevant roles and responsibilities comparable with their regional functions.




In the attached page will be found the :

[A] Stages and Milestones

[B] Task Executors

[C] Proposed Financing Share (US Dollars)

[D] Possible Financing Sources

* Summary of the 3rd Kolanet Workshop - Kola Science Centre, Apatity, Russia - 02/12/95 - 12:31 * * Summary of the 3rd Kolanet Workshop - Kola Science Centre, Apatity, Russia - 02/12/95 - 12:31 *



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Last Update: 1997-11-03